The genus Achillea Linnaeus
The words or terms in red
(actually dark orange) in the text are defined in a
The Achillea genus
consists of 80 to 100 species,
confined almost entirely to the temperate regions of the Old World.
The genus contains species from mountainous regions
that are low-growing and mat-forming.
Other species are native to grassland or dry waste ground.
These are taller and herbaceous.
The plants of the genus are perennial,
Their leaves are grey-green or green,
more or less hairy.
Their inflorescence is a flat-topped cluster
with bell-shaped or ovoid involucres.
The capitula have more
disk florets than
The corollas are short,
white to purple or yellow.
The fruits are oblong
The genus belongs to the Asteraceae
The genus name is said to be named for the Greek hero Achilles,
about 1200 B.C.,
who supposedly used plants of the genus Achillea
to staunch the wounds of his soldiers and heal their wounds
at the siege of Troy, or,
reputedly used it to treat his own wounds during the Trojan War;
but, alas, Achillea millefolium
couldn't save Achilles himself when he was shot with an arrow
through his heel.
A less romantic interpretation of the genus name is
that is commemorates a Greek doctor named Achilles
who recorded the medicinal uses of the plant.
The Achillea of Québec
The taxonomy of the Achillea genus
is not definitive; a tentative taxonomy could be: