Solidago nemoralis Aiton

Remark The words or terms in red (actually dark orange) in the text are defined in a glossary.

aug_26_08.gthmb can't be loaded. Solidago nemoralis is a short, slender, erect native perennial, usually measuring from 0.3 to 0.5 m, found in clumps. The inflorescence is a cluster of yellow flowers heads all essentially growing on one side of the stalk. This creates a kind of a vase-shaped flower cluster. It is one of the smallest goldenrods, which blooms later than most.

Solidago nemoralis was first described for science by William Aiton (1731-1793), an eminent English botanist and Royal Gardener at Kew, site of the world's largest plant collection.

Botanists usually recognize two subspecies of Solidago nemoralis:

The plant belongs to the Asteraceae family.


The genus name is said to be first from the Latin adjective solidus that means dense, solid, massive, compact, substantial, and, in a figurative sense, firm, and from the Latin verb agere of first person singular present indicative ago that means something like to do and to make, so that Solidago would refer to the plant's supposed ability to heal. An other but somewhat similar origin would be the latin verb solidare that means to reinforce, to consolidate, and this would refer to the Solidagos as above.

In Latin, nemoralis means from the woods, from the forest; so that Solidago nemoralis means a Solidago that grows in the forest, although I have never this plant in forests but in fields or clearings or woods openings, but never under trees.

Common names

Some of the vernacular names of Solidago nemoralis are: Gray Goldenrod, Old-Field Goldenrod, Wood Goldenrod, One-sided Goldenrod. Dyer's-weed Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod and Dwarf Goldenrod. The French name is Verge d'or des bois.


Solidago nemoralis has also been known as: draw.jpg can't be loaded.


Solidago nemoralis can be identified by:



The root system consists of a branching caudex (particularly on older plants) and rhizomes.



Flower heads

aug_27_07.gthmb can't be loaded.



Solidago nemoralis is common in dry, sandy or rocky areas. It occurs in meadows, gravel prairies, sand prairies, savannas, worn-out fields and dunes. It tolerates very poor, dry, sterile soils.


map_na.jpg can't be loaded. Solidago nemoralis grows in all Canadian provinces and in all the USA States that are east of New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming and Minnesota, these four States included. Solidago nemoralis subsp. nemoralis is found in the eastern half of North America while Solidago nemoralis subsp. decemflora in found more to the west, roughly west of the Mississipi river, up to the Rocky Mountains, and in Canada, from Ontario to Brithish Columbia. The map, form Flora Of North America shows the US States and Canadian provinces where Solidago nemoralis subsp. nemoralis is found.


The photos of the gallery were taken either with one of the following: The title in the window shows the date when the picture was taken, i.e. jan_30_06... would mean that the photo was taken on the 30th of January, the 06 is for the 6th picture taken that day.

The month, day and picture number might be followed by a letter:

and if there is no letter it's obviously the Minolta.

Click on the thumbnails to get larger view. The original photos are usually in TIFF format, the photos shown are generally in JPEG format, usually of dimension one half (surface one quarter) for loading time reduction.


sep_12_01.mthmb cannot be loaded. sep_12_02.mthmb cannot be loaded. sep_12_03.mthmb cannot be loaded. aug_26_08.mthmb cannot be loaded. aug_26_09.mthmb cannot be loaded.

Flowers heads, fructification, seeds

aug_27_07.mthmb cannot be loaded. sep_14_01f.mthmb cannot be loaded. nov_02_01.mthmb cannot be loaded. oct_16_03n.mthmb cannot be loaded.