Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) Nesom
The words or terms in red
(actually dark orange) in the text are defined in a
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (Aster novae-angliae) is a
native perennial forb of North America.
It is a stout, leafy plant, with a robust, upright habit,
up to 6 feet high. It has a profuse bloom of daisy-like flower heads
with purple rays and yellow centers; the plant blooms
from late summer to early fall and is one of the loveliest aster.
The plant belongs to the
In Greek :
so that Symphyotrichum would refer to a plant having
fruits with pappus
and growing together, the case of the
(symphysis) means the growing together, union
(trichos) the genitif of θριξ
(thrix) means hair
In Latin, nova means new, and novae its genitive case.
Anglia is the latinized name of England;
the Celtic inhabitants of Great Britain were known as the Anglii
by the Romans.
So that Symphyotrichum novae-angliae means Symphyotrichum
of New England, New England being the name given to the
English colonies of North America.
As for the old genus name, in Greek,
αστηρ (aster) means star,
and the genus name refers then to the shape of the flower head.
The vernacular name of
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae is New England Aster
(in French the name is, quite obviously,
Aster de la Nouvelle-Angleterre).
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae has also been known as:
- Aster novae-angliae L.
- Lasallea novae-angliae (L.) Semple & L. Brouillet
- Virgulus novae-angliae (L.) Reveal & Keener
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae is very easy to
identify because of the dense number of leaves it has on its stems,
as well as its big deep purple flower heads.
Aster puniceus is a bit similar, but grows in wet areas,
and its flowers have few rays.
- From 3 to 6 feet high.
- Single or multiple from base; simple to branching above near
- Arising from a short, thick rhizome.
- Stiff, hairy-hirsute and
(with rounded auricles),
- Dense on the stem.
- Rough, hairy, strigose
on both surfaces.
with acute tip; clasping the stem.
- Between 1 and 4 inches long by 0.4 to 0.8 inch wide.
- In a dense paniculate
cluster terminating the stem.
- Around 1.5 inch across.
around 5 mm tall by 6 mm in diameter.
green to purplish, sticky,
around 1 mm broad by 8 mm long.
- With 30 to 80 deep purple or, rarely, pink or pink-purple
about 1.5 cm length by 2 mm width.
- With 40 to 100 orange-yellow to reddish
the corolla tubes being around 5 mm long,
with yellow anthers.
- Blooming form the end of August to October in my area
(25 km north of Montréal).
by bees, flies, beetles, moths and butterflies.
freely with other members of its genus.
- A sericeous,
whitish or light to medium brown
- About a 1/8 inch long.
- With a pappus of
about 5 mm in length.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae needs full sun and medium moisture.
It requires well-drained soil and prefers sandy,
It grows in in moist prairies, meadows, thickets,
low valleys and stream banks,
along lakes, roadsides, railroads.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae is found throughout most of North America
except for the Southwest.
Although it is native to Eastern North America, extending
north from Canada to Alabama in the south,
it is now naturalized
in most of the USA, and in several areas of Great Britain.
Because of its beauty Symphyotrichum novae-angliae is quite
often cultivated and quite easy to grow.
It is often sold in nurseries as a garden plant.
The root is said to be
has been used in the treatment of pain, fevers and diarrhoea.
The ooze of the roots has been sniffed in the treatment of
A decoction of the whole plant has also been used in the treatment of all kinds
of fevers and in the treatment of weak skin.
The photos of the gallery were taken either with one of the following:
The title in the window shows the date when the picture was taken,
i.e. jan_30_06... would mean that the photo was taken on the 30th of
January, the 06 is for the 6th picture taken that day.
- Fuji Mx 700.
- Minolta DiMAGE 7.
- Nikon 2200.
- EPSON Perfection 1650 scanner.
The month, day and picture number might be followed by a letter:
and if there is no letter it's obviously the Minolta.
- f for the Fuji.
- n for the Nikon.
- s for the EPSON scanner.
Click on the thumbnails to get larger view.
The original photos are usually in TIFF format,
the photos shown are generally in JPEG format,
usually of dimension one half (surface one quarter)
for loading time reduction.
Stems, leaves, phyllaries
The picture on the right was scanned at 300 dpi.